On Confessing Specific Sins

I have heard many people confess sin in an exclusively generic way: “Lord, forgive me for my sins.” While it is certainly a good thing to acknowledge that there are sins that we have committed that we don’t know about directly, either because of our ignorance, or because of an underdeveloped conscience, or for some other reason; nevertheless, it is not healthy at all to confess this way all the time. Confessing specific sins to God comes with the following benefits (which can also be viewed as reasons to do so):

1. It helps develop our conscience. The work of the Holy Spirit is a gradual one in the Christian life. He sharpens our conscience, so that sins that we were committing unwittingly before become conscious later on. This process can have the incidental effect of tempting us to think that we are worse sinners later in the Christian life, when what is actually happening is that we are becoming more sensitive to our sin. Confessing our specific sins is integral to this process of discovery. We start to see the interconnected nature of our sins, and how one sin leads to another. Confessing only generically will actually deaden our consciences over time.

2. We develop a far more accurate picture of who we are in relationship to God and to other people. Confessing only in a general way tempts us to think that we are far better people than we actually are. There is an epidemic of self-satisfied Christians in the world, who might, on a theoretical level acknowledge that they are sinners, but who become extremely perturbed when told of a supposed actual sin that they might possibly have committed. Whereas, if we are confessing specific sins to God, we will not be so surprised to find out that other people have noticed some of our faults. Confessing only generically will grossly distort our own self-portrait.

3. Confessing specific sins helps us to empathize better with other Christians and with those whose consciences have been awakened to a realization of their sin. All Christians struggle with sin. All Christians fight the good fight. Isn’t that fight hard enough without other people constantly telling us how inadequate we are? Of course we are inadequate! If we were adequate, it would be because we were in heaven. But it seems clear enough that one of the reasons why some Christian lack empathy is because they rarely confess specific sins, and therefore think of themselves as only theoretical sinners, and not actual sinners, and thus better than their struggling church family members. In this way, point 3 connects very closely with point 2. Confessing only generic sin will result in a serious lack of empathy and love for other believers.

4. Confessing specific sins will sharpen our understanding of the law and its requirements, which will in turn hone our understanding of the gospel. The gospel cheapens in our minds when we think we have less need of salvation.

So, with all of this in mind, how do we confess specific sins better? For this, a study of God’s law is indispensable. We must understand the proper rubrics that WLC 99 so eloquently lay out: 1. that the Ten Commandments always lay out the most extreme form of the sin or duty in view. 2. that all sins of the same category are included under the most extreme form (as well as all sins which lead to the most extreme form); 3. that not only outward behavior, but also our inner thoughts are included; and 4. that where the law commands something, the opposite is forbidden, and vice versa; as well as that if something is promised, then the opposite is threatened, and vice versa. It is only as we understand the perfection that the law demands that our consciences will become more adept at self-judgment.

However, a growing understanding of the gospel is also essential, because if we forget the gospel with regard to the confession of sins, then we will simply lose all desire to confess our sins. We will forget the cleansing power of Christ’s blood, and we will therefore think that it is better to live with the burden than to try to rid ourselves of it through Christ. The gospel is the promise of the clean slate, due to Christ’s blood and righteousness, and the promise that if we confess our sins, God is faithful and just to forgive us our sins, and cleanse us of all unrighteousness.


  1. Ron said,

    June 18, 2018 at 12:26 pm

    Very useful thoughts.

  2. roberty bob said,

    June 19, 2018 at 5:19 pm

    In order to come to repentance, it is good for all sinners (ourselves included) to be confronted with terms which might help us to understand the serious nature of what we have done. Such terms include the following: trespass [ Adam’s sin is so labeled], transgression, debt, weakness, shortcoming, and iniquity. Learning how to define and distinguish these — and others — is worthwhile.

  3. June 24, 2018 at 11:01 pm

    […] Presbyterian Church and is Pastor of Momence Orthodox Presbyterian Church, in Momence, IL. This article is used with […]

  4. Larry Wilson said,

    June 29, 2018 at 10:00 am

    Thanks, Lane, for this very good post. You lament a common tendency to confess sin in an exclusively generic way. You encourage us to confess our specific sins specifically to God, with these benefits: (1) to help develop our consciences; (2) to help us develop more accurate notions of who we are re God and other people; (3) to help us to better empathize with other believers; (4) to help us sharpen our appreciation not only of the requirements of God’s law but also of the good news of the gospel; (5) in short, to help us cultivate our walk with our God and our growth in grace.

    I was hoping your post would provoke a bit more discussion. But maybe others had the same experience as me. I agreed with your post. I thought at once of Westminster Confession 15:5. But then I was immediately convicted of my own shortcomings in this area. So I stayed quiet.

    It did make me wonder about something. Many of our congregations have a distinct public prayer of confession in their liturgy. Many pray unison prayers at this point. Granted, all public prayers must be general in comparison with secret prayers. It seems that would be all the more true in the case of a unison prayer (“we confess that we’ve sinned in thought, word, and deed — both by commission and omission”, etc.). That’s all true. And it can be helpful to have some unison prayers. But could it be that having such prayers exclusively — even predominantly — feeds into the tendency of many believers to confess their sins generically? “Lex orendi, lex credendi.”

    How might we better encourage the much-neglected duties of self examination, particular repentance, and specific confession?

  5. Ron said,

    June 29, 2018 at 10:56 pm


    At Tenth Pres., I’ve notice more of late the encouragement to fill in the blanks with our personal sins in corporate confession. I’m sure many already were, but the exhortation is I think a good reminder for all of us. Anything can become rote after awhile.

  6. greenbaggins said,

    June 30, 2018 at 11:30 am

    Larry, it is certainly an excellent thing to encourage people to confess particular sins by mentioning specific sins in the congregational confession or congregational prayer. Something to think about.

  7. Leonard Dale Hope said,

    June 20, 2019 at 11:21 am

    Your article makes some good points. While I wouldn’t disagree with your conclusions, I would ask can you to give Scriptures to explain and justify your conclusions. It would seem to me the Scriptures teach that for spiritual healing to take place confession of our specific sin is required. James 5:16. While James doesn’t say confess the specific sin you committed, it seems to be implied by the word sins. I find it interesting for the alcoholic to recover one of the requirements is the admission (confession) of their specific “sin” that they are a alcoholic. Is it possible the reason Christians continue to commit specific sins is they have not named the sin they commit when they confess their sins to other Christians? It seems if all we do is acknowledged in general that were all sinners it becomes an excuse or cover for not dealing with it.

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