I recently announced a shift in this blog’s emphasis from the material principle of the Reformation (justification by faith alone) to the formal principle of the Reformation (Scripture alone). The reason I have done this is not difficult to assess. A denial of the one will eventually result in a denial of the other. The two doctrines are inextricably intertwined. For how will we know about salvation unless God tells us? And what has God told us but Jesus’ Person and Work, which comes to us via justification? It is no accident that the attack on justification characteristic of our times has come lock-step with an attack on the doctrine of Scripture. No doubt, the people who are advancing these views think that they are being more faithful to Scripture, not less. Genuine questions that arise in the study of Scripture make these men uncomfortable with the older explanations, and so they seek to find more up-to-date answers.
Take Dr. Peter Enns, for example (who is listed as a visiting scholar at Rev. Craig Higgins’s church in New York). He has recently come to the conclusion that Adam is not the father of the entire human race. Why is that? He has difficulty with the traditional explanation of where Cain got his wife. He argues that Genesis does not support the reading that Adam is the father of the whole human race. One wonders why Eve is explicitly named “Eve” because she was the mother of all living. Notice that the syntax shows that the reasoning is not said to be Adam’s explicitly, but the author’s. The author reflects what Adam thought, namely, that Eve was the mother of all living beings. Of course, vitally important in this discussion is the Adam-Christ typology that works itself out in Romans 5. I’m not sure how Enns would deal with this question, other than to say that Romans 5 should not impact how we read Genesis 2-3.
Other issues with Enns revolve around his book Inspiration and Incarnation, upon which see the outstanding critique that Dr. Richard Gaffin made of it. I cannot really improve upon it, and so I will not even try.