Commentaries on Numbers

There are not a lot of good commentaries on Numbers. But there are a few.

The best ones are Ashley, Olson, Duguid, Milgrom (Jewish), Budd, Levine (Jewish), and Wenham.

Dozemann’s entry in the NIB is not spectacular, but still worth considering. Several are bound with Leviticus, including Bailey and Gane (see entry below on Leviticus). Gray is still important. Harrison is also good. Knierim/Coats is in the Forms of OT Literature series (just came out).

There are several forthcoming volumes: Weinfeld in Hermeneia (Jewish), Sailhamer (WBC), and Gosling in the Historical Commentary on the OT.

Reflections on question 1 of WSC

Question one of the Westminster Shorter Catechism:
Q: What is the chief end of man?
A. To glorify God and to enjoy Him forever.

If there is a chief end, then there is also an inferior end, which is to be a good vice-regent here on earth, being a good steward of earthly resources, and exercising proper dominion over all the earth.

Those who forget and/or neglect the chief end are dead even if they are alive.

A man can still give glory to God (even if God is perfectly glorious in Himself), not by adding any glory to God, but by reflecting that glory of His. The enjoyment of God does not primarily come in this life, but is explicitly eschatological (“forever”). But there are two parts to enjoyment: seeing God in heaven; and conformity to God here on earth. There is no room here for so-called “Christian hedonism.”

None can enjoy God in the hereafter without giving Him glory in this life.

These thoughts are not mine: they are John Flavel’s in his commentary on the WSC, from volume VI of his works, pp. 141-142.